Wines with denomination of origin.
The wheat, the wine and the oil are the three characteristic products of Mediterranean cultures from the Neolithic.
These products are always present, essential for feeding people and also essential in many religious rites and in different moments of social life, including specially the banquet.
We can say that in the Ancient World there are a whole wine culture in many ways similar to the current times. So then, as now, there were some renowned ,but other less appreciated or common, wines.
Then, as now, these wines received the name of their place of origin or provenance. So the "Rioja" or "Ribera”" or "Burgundy" or "Bourdeaux" of the Antiquity were then the "Caecubus”, the "Caelenus" the "Falernus" or "Formianus", natives of Caecubum, Cales, Falernum or Formiae .
The poet Horace summarizes perfectly these data, for example, in an ode (Odes 1.20) in which, wanting to regale their protector, the wealthy Maecenas, accustomed to fine and high price wines, invites him to a common "Sabinus" , albeit it was of the crop year in which the patron of the poet overcame a serious illness and Horace reaped it and now offers it to remember that happy time.
You will drink with me this Sabine common wine in not large cups
You will drink then a "Caecuban" wine and this one pressed of Calenian grapes,
Falernas vines or vines of Formias hills do not fill my cups
Vile potabis modicis Sabinum cantharis….
Caecubum et prelo domitam Caleno
tu bibes uvam: mea nec Falernae
temperant vites neque Formiani
Obviously, these wines were not affordable by the poet. Rarely poetry and a good economic situation formed a couple.