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NIHIL NOVUM SUB SOLE

1001 deeds, sayings, curiosities and anecdotes of the ancient world

Culture

Articles relating to the world of general culture, but that are difficult to specify further.

ENCYCLOPEDIA

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'παῖς, παιδός' país,paidós, "child", is a Greek word which has numerous terms related to the same lexical family, these terms have passed into Latin and from Latin to the Romance languages; it has also produced numerous modern scientific terms . Are some: paideia, pedagogy and paedagogus, pediatrics and pediatrician, pedophile and pederast, encyclopedia.

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God “Terminus” is the guarantor of private property of the field

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Terminus is a Roman god who sets the boundaries of the fields and cities and is also at the crossroads. He is represented as a rectangular stone block whose top is usually included head of Hermes or Mercury. It is also sometimes depicted with male genitalia, given its apotropaic character to "turn away" harm or evil influences. So he is called Hermes.

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A bed of roses

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The historical reality and people´s fantasy have made Sybaris a city steeped in luxury and pleasure; Sybarite is the adjective that designates its inhabitants, but the term came to refer to exquisite people with refined tastes or to those who were delivered to the luxury and pleasure.

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The deep caves surprise and attract devout and believer men

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Some natural areas, whether by their hidden beauty, by their silence or by their depth that sink in the bowels of the earth, seem to emanate a strong attraction to humans. Of these places the caves have a special force. Not surprisingly the man dwelt in them during the long night of their childhood as a species.

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What does "leap-year" mean? Where does the term “twice sixth year” come from?

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Translator´s Note that may help English- speaking readers to understand this text better: leap-year in Latin and modern Latin languages is called “bi sextum” year, like “twice sixth” year. This, as you will check later, is essential to be taken into account before starting to read this article in order to be able to understand it properly.

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The couvade

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"Couvade" is a word derived from the French "couvade"; "couver" means “incubate” “brood." This ethnographic term designates a rite of sympathetic magic or formula for newborn recognition of newborn, practiced in some villages at the time of the birth of a son; that is a kind of simulation of birth by the father, who lies in the bed with the baby.

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Lynceus eyes

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“Lynx eyes” is an Spanish phrase (equivalent to "eagle eyes") that applies to a person of view particularly acute or especially clever and insightful understanding, ie. a crafty person.

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