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NIHIL NOVUM SUB SOLE

1001 deeds, sayings, curiosities and anecdotes of the ancient world

Arts: Architecture, sculpture, painting, music

Articles related to classical art in general, and more specifically to architecture, sculpturepainting and music.

Ovid in the Prado Museum-Madrid (Ovid V)

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The most famous Latin poets of the three of the time of Augustus, Virgil, Horace and Ovid, undoubtedly the most influential of them all in Western culture has been Ovid, although not the best valued by literary criticism. The influence of Ovid has been felt since antiquity itself, during the Middle Ages and the Renaissance to the present day in all arts, in literature of course, but also especially in painting and even in music. This is a subject very attended by the scholars and to which perhaps I should on my part dedicate some ample comment at some time. Something of this I have said in some of the articles that I have published in the thread of the celebration of the bimillenary of the poet’s death.

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Calligramme, technopaegnia τεχνοπαíγνια, Carmina figurata, Pattern Poetry, figure poem, visual Poetry, concrete Poetry, creative writing .

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We name “calligramme” or pattern poem or visual poem it that with the arrangement of its verses and words written in the text draws the shape that the content of the poem refers to extend the emotional content. It is therefore a beautiful visual poem; that's what "calligramme" means.

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Crowned with laurel

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Laurel leaves crown the best poets and the most seasoned soldiers. It is true that "weapons and the letters" quite frequently go together, but it is curious that the same decorative and symbolic element that rewards intelligence and art also serve as recognition of the value and military courage. The bay also has other values that should know, but why?

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Nero inaugurates a great gym and Demetrius will ruin the opening ceremony. (Intellectuals against the power III)

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One of the greatest contributions of Roma to Western civilization was the urbanization of the territory that was conquered with its legions. Rome built cities (urbs) and implemented a modern system of citizen life (civitas).

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Ecphrasis, ekphrasis. Ut pictura poesis (Horace). Poetry is like painting

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"Ekphrasis" o “ephrasis” is a Greek word ἔκφρασις (ek and phrasis, 'out' and 'to talk'), (from the verb ἐκφράζο, ekphraso, from ek, out, and phraso, to explain with signs and words) that therefore means "exhibition in detail, explanation, description from outside or from the beginning or till the end," to make intelligible, discover, uncover, .... It is a vivid description placing the object or event before the eyes.

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The abduction of Hylas: a very peculiar mosaic of Italica (Spain)

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In Greek mythology there are numerous episodes in which powerful gods fall in love with beautiful mortals and procreate with them heroes, in their half immortal and in other half mortal. Also the goddesses fall in love sometimes with men, who are mortal. For example Venus is the mother of Aeneas, born from the mortal Anchises, from whom the race of Julius (Julius Caesar, Augustus, etc.) descended.

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War destroys everything, including culture and art

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The war is the domain of the adversary first by destroying the people, whom it kills without mercy, and then everything that gets (although not opposed) passing. The most valuable losses are people, of course. Then an irreparable loss is the art and culture sometimes accumulated over centuries and millennia, that some "warriors" qualify euphemistically of "collateral damage".

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He proposed (Alexander) to model Mount Athos with his effigy

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Alexander the Great, at the age of 32 years ( he only reigned for 12 years) had conquered a huge empire; he had taken over all Greece and the Persian Empire and he had arrived to India; he had conquered Asia Minor and Egypt; he had founded dozens of cities, which he named Alexandria, the most famous was that one in Egypt. He had become a mythical being, about whom dozens of biographies and stories, some true and some fantastic, were written.

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"There is no beauty without a regular proportion". (Plato, Timaeus 87c)

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To be exact the phrase of Plato says: "Everything that is good is beauty, and beauty is not without relations or regular proportions." Also in Philebus 64c he says: "The measure (metron) and proportion (Symmetria) performed everywhere beauty and perfection "

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A very old mentalist tests the love of a father

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There is a television series of American network CBS some success called "The Mentalist" which has some success. The protagonist, recognizes himself as "mentalist", working with the police to solve all kinds of cases and to identify those guilty of crimes using his insight, his mental agility and analysis and his great capacity for observation human behavior, which react in certain ways to certain stimuli. The mind and its power is the only instrument that is served. Sometimes he is not very orthodox and law-abiding when using certain methods, but the result is always the identification and punishment of criminals.

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Some notes on the "Magi" , the three Wise Men

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One of the most deeply rooted festivals in folk and Christian religious life is the "Adoration of the Three Kings other Three Wise Men". In this event they come together many elements of different religious and cultural backgrounds. We can recall the religious ferment of the Roman Empire, precisely time when Jesus was born, flattering all syncretism. Christian religion have incorporated many elements of Eastern religions of Chaldea, Mesopotamia, Persia, Asia Minor, Egypt, Judea and especially of Greco-Roman and philosophical thought. In all these syncretic religions astral component, highly developed among the Chaldeans in Mesopotamia, is very important.

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Mythical Hippolytus and martyr Hippolytus: disturbing coincidences

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The hero Theseus escaped the labyrinth of Crete with the help of Ariadne, who he promised marriage to, but he abandoned her on Naxos. Theseus is the father of Hippolytus, whom he had from an Amazon, by some calle Antiope or Hippolyta or Melanippe or just the Amazon. Then Theseus married Phaedra, the sister of Ariadne. Many centuries after the mythical time, there was another Hippolytus, a Christian martyr.

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The library is a Greek creation

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Alexandria was the spiritual and cultural capital of the world from the third century BC to the fifth or sixth century AD. Under the largest library of Antiquity, which sought to retain all the knowledge stored in books systematically with exemplary sense of intellectual freedom, lived and worked a college or community of wise and educated persons and scholars who developed the physics, astronomy, mathematics, geometry, geography, engineering, medicine, philosophy, literature, grammar, rhetoric ... They were the basis of Western knowledge.

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Was Pericles a Keynesian?

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The majestic buildings of the Acropolis of Athens, which have caused much admiration from antiquity until today, were built by Athenians unemployed people. The beautification of Athens is attributed to Pericles and are quoted the great artists like Ictinos, Callicrates, Phidias ...

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A modern Zeuxis

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Recently the Prado Museum has celebrated a painting exhibition titled "Juan Fernandez Labrador. Still Lifes ". Juan Fernandez is a painter of the Spanish Golden Age, little known, who painted mostly "still lifes". His representative works are paintings of "bunches of grapes".

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